The Ford Pinto is a subcompact car produced by the Ford Motor Company for the model years 1971–1980. Initially offered as a two-door sedan, Ford offered hatchback (marketed as the Runabout) and wagon models the following year. The Pinto competed in the U.S. market with the AMC Gremlin andChevrolet Vega, as well as imported cars from Volkswagen, Datsun, and Toyota, outproducing all in terms of total production run and single highest model year production. By January 1971, the Pinto had sold over 100,000 units  and 352,402 for the entire 1971 production run. By 1976 over 2.3 million Pintos had been produced. 1974 saw the most Pintos produced in a single model year with 544,209 units. In its last model year, Ford built 68,179 units. Overall, during its 10 year production run there were over 3 million Pintos sold.
A rebadged variant, the Mercury Bobcat, debuted in 1974 in Canada and in March 1975 in the US. A total of 224,026 Bobcats were produced from 1975 to 1980. The Pinto/Bobcat and the smaller, imported Ford Fiesta were ultimately replaced by the front-wheel-drive Ford Escort and Mercury Lynx.
The Pinto's legacy was affected by media controversy and legal cases surrounding the safety of its gas tank design; a recall of the car in 1978; and a later study examining actual incident data that concluded the Pinto was as safe as, or safer than, other cars in its class.
The Pinto nameplate derives from the name for the distinctive white and solid pattern of coloration common in horses.